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Condoms prevent pregnancy because they stop the sperm from reaching an egg by creating a physical barrier between them.

Condoms are also the only contraception method to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) when used correctly during vaginal, anal, and oral sex.

Key facts: 

  • It’s 99% effective at preventing pregnancy with perfect use
  • You only need to use them when you have sex
  • They help to protect both partners from some sexually transmitted infections, including HIV
  • Condoms come in a variety of shapes and sizes
  • Some people are sensitive to latex condoms, though this is rare
  • No hormones.
  • Made from a very thin latex (rubber), polyurethane (plastic) or polyisoprene. 

How to use: 

The condom should be put on when the penis is erect (hard) and before it comes into contact with your partner’s body.

Make sure that the condom stays in place while you’re having sex. If it comes off, stop, and put on a new one.

After ejaculation and while the penis is still hard, hold the condom in place and carefully withdraw the penis from your partner’s body.


If you are aged between 16-25 and live in the Wakefield or Barnsley areas, you can get free condoms from us through our C-Card scheme.

Download our patient leaflet for more information.